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The history of Nintendo is from 1889 to the present, starting as a playing-card company to eventually becoming a multinational consumer electronics conglomerate. It has always remained headquartered in Kyoto, Japan.

Nintendo was founded in 1889 by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda playing cards. In the mid-1900s, the company licensed third-party card graphics, such as Disney characters. In the 1960s, it expanded into countless varieties of toys, including original designs by Gunpei Yokoi. In the 1980s, it became one of the most prominent figures in the video game industry including designs by Shigeru Miyamoto such as mascot Mario and breakthrough hit arcade video game Donkey Kong (1981). It later expanded into creating video game consoles, games, and accessories. As of 2011, Nintendo Co., Ltd. (任天堂株式会社, Nintendō kabushikigaisha) is the largest video game company by revenue.

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Nintendo: Complete Guide – History, Products, Founding, and More